The Primary School in Czerśl is a village school surrounded by
agricultural lands and opposite the wood. Our students are from
three villages around Czerśl. Some of the pupils have got special
opinion from the psychologist because of significant learning
difficulties, like dyslexia, low concentration, emotional
irritability. Some of the students are in economic difficulties.
Many parents have no possibility for getting residential job. The
fathers very often go to job abroad or work as trucks drivers.
Group of Scools in Czerśl, including Primary School and Preschool
To the preschool may attend children between ages three and six.
(There are 52 preschool children in our school). Formal school
education before age 7 is not compulsory. Preschool education is
designed to aid child development, promote personal independence,
and instill a sense of confidence in one's self and abilities.
Preschool education helps those between the ages of three and five
develop communication and social skills, so they can cope with any
There is also Polish education features a so-called zero year (Zerowka)
for six-year-olds, which helps children make a fluid transition from
preschool to primary school. Beyond this transitional nature,
however, preschools have educational value. Preschools measure a
child's progress. They can help recognize the child's potential and
alert professionals to any need for specialized intervention.
Preschool teachers help children understand themselves and the
outside world, develop relationships with peers, and build their own
system of values.
From seven years of age, all children must attend primary school,
which is divided into two teaching stages. The first is integrated
teaching, classes I-III (Szkola podstawowa I etap) for
children aged seven to nine. The second is block teaching, classes
IV-VI (II etap) for children between 10 and 13. In Czerśl
there are 85 pupils in primary school.
The first stage of primary education should develop literacy and an
understanding of numbers; teach children how to use simple tools;
help them become independent and self-confident; develop
sensitivity; strengthen cultural, historical, national, and ethnic
identity; and teach children to explore their environment and the
world. Integrated education takes advantage of children's
experiences in family life and other situations.
At this stage teachers give lessons, which follow the established
curriculum. The routine is adapted to pupils' ability and includes
physical exercises every day, totaling approximately three hours per
week. Class I has a minimum of 20 lessons per week. Fifteen of them
are general in nature and mandated by law. Another three lessons per
week are assigned at a tutor's or the headmaster's discretion.
Compensatory activities, in accordance with appropriate regulations,
make up another two lessons a week. Beyond these, additional lessons
may include religion or ethics (two per week) and corrective
gymnastics (two per week). Class II is structured in the same manner
with the minimum lesson number raised to 21. Class III features a
minimum of 23 lessons weekly.
The second stage of primary education (II etap) features
classes IV to VI. Education at this level is designed to help
students gain adequate knowledge and skills; promote curiosity and
stimulate intellectual activity; develop sensitivity toward and
empathy for disabled persons; instill proper social attitudes; and
teach appropriate behaviors. Schools strive to create the necessary
conditions for gaining knowledge and skills. The curriculum includes
thematic blocks covering: patriotic and social education;
preparation for family life; health care education; and public
Beginning with class IV, a considerable degree of structure appears.
Students receive at minimum 26 lessons per week. Six are in culture,
the Polish language, History, and Social science. Another six are in
Mathematics and Biology. Foreign language training accounts for
three, fine arts and technical activities for two and Physical
Education for three. One lesson per week takes place with a tutor,
and five per week are at the tutor or head-master's discretion. An
extra two lessons per week in Religion and are set by special
regulations but are not counted toward the number of compulsory
lessons. This structure is identical for classes V and VI.
After finishing six years of primary school, children take aptitude
examinations, which are administered and assessed by the school's
internal board. Such testing measures achievement and informs both
parents and teachers. Results are communicated to the next level of
schooling, the gymnasium.
There are 15 teachers in our school. They sometimes teach 2 or 3
Our school building is conductive to effective execution of
educational and didactic tasks.
There are :
well equipped classrooms for teaching different subjects (pracownia)
gymnastic hall (sala gimnastyczna)
a library with computers with connect to the Internet
a school canteen (stołówka)
a big school yard (podwórko)
a playground. (boisko)
A typical school day
It starts with the arrival of the students.
Before lessons , students wait for lessons at assembly hall.
The school bell goes for the first time at 8.00 o’clock a.m.
The students go straight up to their classrooms.
In one school day there are five , six or seven lessons.
Lunch is eaten in the school canteen at 11.30 and 12.30.
Each lesson takes 45 minutes.